Techno ambient pop, soaring space guitars, keyboards, sound effects and tape delay, the Delay Tactics trio was among the first American bands to produce music using digital effects, and was one of the most innovative indie bands of the 1980s. Formed in 1981 as the tape-looping duo of guitarists Carl Weingarten and Reed Nesbit, Delay Tactics made its mark with late night concerts in St. Louis movie theatres. Within a year, synthesist/sound designer Walter Whitney joined the band while recording the first Delay Tactics album, Out-Pop Options (Multiphase 1982). Nesbit departed in 1983 and was replaced by guitarist David Udell (of Wax Theatricks) and Delay Tactics released their second album, Any Questions? (Multiphase 1984). A third LP was started in 1985, but never completed.