When their first album appeared in 2011, Herd of Instinct jumped to a position of prominence among American progressive rock bands. In conjunction with their appearance at the 2016 Voyager Festival in Austin, Texas, I was able to ask Mark Cook a few questions about the band and its music.
by Jon Davis, Published 2016-09-03
photography by Angel Stephens
What are your earliest musical memories? How did your conception of music develop in your life?
My earliest memories of music are my parents playing Elvis and seeing Kiss on TV. The first musician to make an impact on me was Gary Numan. The Pleasure Principle was the first album I bought when I was about 8 or 9. As I got older, I started listening to a wide variety of music, which lead me to progressive rock and fusion — Mahavishnu Orchestra, King Crimson, Peter Gabriel, Rush, and Miles Davis. I like music that takes me on a journey. Now my listening tastes are completely schizophrenic. I'll put on spacey dub music, or a pop band like The Blue Nile, because they are completely different from what I do as a musician. I also love music that really pushes the envelope. The recent Scott Walker releases The Drift, Bisch Bosch, and Soused are amazing works of art. These albums are challenging, and definitely not for everybody.
What kind of formal schooling do you have in music?
I studied music theory in college, but ended up getting an art degree. I enjoyed the freedom of visual arts over the defined approach to music that the music department followed at the university I attended. The art department was about creating something unique and new. When I studied music in school the focus was about the way the masters composed.
How did you get into tapping instruments? Did you play guitar or bass first?
I played guitar in a band that could never find a bass player. I was listening to the 80s King Crimson albums and became obsessed with Tony Levin's Chapman Stick playing. It seemed like a logical direction to pursue. Tapping instruments are still relatively new, so it was an opportunity to explore a new approach. I played the Stick for a few years. I love the Stick's unique sound, but the most important change in my playing came when the Warr guitar became available. It's the ideal instrument for me, because it combines both tapping and the tone of a guitar and bass.
Tell me about how Herd of Instinct came into existence.
Jason Spradlin, the original drummer in HOI, and I had a trio for a few years with a vocalist. When that dissolved, he and I wanted to continue working. We already knew a guitarist we wanted to work with named Mike Davison. While this new trio started writing, I was also collaborating with another Warr guitarist / bassist named Dave Streett. As the writing for both projects progressed, it became apparent the music and direction was so similar that we decided to combine the music and release it as Herd of Instinct. Dave flew to Texas to help us work on mixes for the first album. Markus Reuter was also in Texas at that time working with Pat Mastelotto. He came for a few days to record and help us with the mix. After we finished the recording, we shopped it around to a few labels. We got two offers, but both deals would have given the labels the publishing rights. That's when Gayle Ellett stepped in with the opportunity for HOI to be on Firepool Records. He and Chuck Oken, Jr. were planning on releasing music outside of Djam Karet. They are very supportive of other artists.
Most HOI tracks are credited as group compositions. How does HOI music come together?
HOI music is created by two different approaches. The first method is the group will get together with chord or riff ideas and work as a unit. The second approach is I'll create the structure and the harmonic content for the piece. The other musicians will then interpret and flesh out the composition. "Time and Again" and "Gridlock" on the new CD were written with Rick, Ross, and I in the same room trying to figure out different ways of combining the Warr guitar and Stick. "Manifestation Pt.2" and "Baba Yaga" are pieces I put together. The other musicians then interpret the parts or add new elements. We usually have guest musicians to add depth to the sound. I love density and texture. We add horns or violin to help make our sound more layered. This part of the process is usually done after the music is arranged and recorded. One of the most important guest collaborators for HOI is a fantastic flute / sax player named Bob Fisher. He's featured on all of our albums and on my side project Spoke of Shadows. I think of HOI as more of a collective rather than a defined group of players.
How much improvisation is there in HOI music?
Generally the music is composed. The solos, intros, and outros do usually have improvisational elements. We'll start a song with two or three minutes of ambience that is different every time we play it. I tend to improvise about half of my solos when we play live to keep the music fresh.
How did you hook up with Gayle Ellett and Colin Edwin?
During the writing stage for the first album, Dave Streett and I were looking for players to enhance the music. He reached out to Gayle to contribute to the CD. When I started working on the second album, I immediately asked Gayle to participate. He has ended up being extremely important to the overall sound of the band. He also helps me finalize the mixes. On the second album, we thought it would be interesting to bring in a second bassist for a few songs. Colin was our first choice because his playing in Porcupine Tree is so outstanding. He is always melodic and supportive to the needs of the music. We sent him a few tracks and thankfully he agreed to participate.
What kinds of live performances has HOI done? How much do you adapt your music to go from studio to stage?
When we formed, we initially played a lot of local gigs to help prepare us for recording. After the second album, we only played a few shows. The original trio added Mike McGary on keyboards for live performances. Gayle lives in California, so we can't afford to have him fly in for a random gig. The last performance of the original HOI lineup was ProgDay 2013 in North Carolina. It took about a year to put the new band together and record Manifestation. The new quartet is definitely a stronger live unit. We're looking forward to playing VoyagerFest in Austin!
How does a non-mainstream band like HOI operate in today’s world? Day jobs? Grants? Patrons? Crowd-funding?
Everybody in the band has day jobs — except Gayle. He's a full time musician. Luckily with today's technology, we do much of our recording outside of a studio. Everybody in the band has a home studio, so we're able to do a lot of work with file sharing. Our albums are sold through CDBaby and also a few distributors purchase copies to sale online or in music stores.
What’s in the future for HOI?
We're currently focusing on playing shows. I do have a few pieces for the next album recorded. There will be some change in sound because I feel a need to experiment with the vocabulary of the band a bit to keep it interesting. I still don't think the band has made a solid statement yet!
Filed under: Interviews
Jon Christensen RIP – Word reaches us today of the passing of Norwegian drummer Jon Christensen, a musician whose sensitive playing did much to help define the atmospheric sound of ECM jazz recordings. His work with Jan Garbarek, Bobo Stenson, Terje Rypdal, and many more was sensitive and varied, adapting to a wide variety of styles while maintaining a distinct identity of its own. Christensen was 76. » Read more
Gong Announces UK Tour for 2020 – Having spent the last few years touring the world, including dates in Japan with psych legend Steve Hillage, multiple headline European tours and festivals, America’s Cruise to the Edge festival, a South America headline tour, and a headline performance at Tomorrow Festival in China, the band have won the hearts of both traditional and modern Gong fanbases. During this live journey, Gong has delved further into the truly psychedelic, exploratory, and mind-expanding side of the music. » Read more
Wolfgang Dauner RIP – Pianist Wolfgang Dauner, one of the pioneers of both European free jazz and jazz rock, has died at the age of 84. With his own groups and with the United Jazz+Rock Ensemble, his playing and compositions were a prominent presence in European jazz from the mid-60s until just recently. » Read more
Michael Allison RIP – Michael Allison, who since 1997 has been recording as Darshan Ambient, passed away on January 9th after a long and brave battle with cancer. He has been at at the forefront of the new ambient/electronic music scene, with over eighteen releases to his credit. » Read more
Simon Mayor and the Mandolinquents - Dance of the Comedians – The Mandolinquents are an acoustic, mandolin based (how did you guess?) quartet that’s been playing together off and on for a dozen years or more, and this – documenting one of their live... (2008) » Read more