To use an overused yet highly appropriate cliché, Edgar Froese is truly a man who needs no introduction. As founding member of the immensely successful band Tangerine Dream, he practically invented and defined a new genre of music, which still defies easy categorization. Whether you call it electronic music, electronic rock, space music, kraut rock, or (shudder) new age or whatever, Froese and one-time TD member Klaus Schulze were the true forerunners who would spawn a generation of loyal followers, fans who buy their music as well as musicians who strive to imitate their classic sound, particularly from their arguably most innovative period in the 70s and 80s. Now going over 35 years strong and with his son Jerome at the co-helm, Edgar was kind enough to take some time out of his busy schedule and answer a few questions for Exposé.
by Phil Derby, Published 2003-12-01
Tangerine Dream has now been entertaining fans for two generations. To what do you attribute this incredible longevity?
To the love for art and music as one of its most ethereal forms. An artist will always feel the urge to express himself; it is part of his or her life.
How do you keep the musical vision fresh and alive?
As long as we feel the urge to create, the art that results will always be something fresh and exciting. There is no specific formula. When we complete a piece of music, we feel as excited about it now than we did 36 years ago. It is like the miracle of giving birth — none of your children is ever going to be the same as any of the other ones and, hence, each one will excite you anew. As long as one feels compelled to move forward with one’s own artistic vision, there can never be stagnation. The only deadly trap an artist can run into is to do what others tell him. As soon as the process of creation will become forced upon him, the results will fail to satisfy.
I know you’ve been asked many times what it feels like to be doing your music now with your son. Do you sometimes look over at Jerome when you are working in the studio or performing live, and say to yourself, “this is as good as it gets?”
Yes, exactly. We work as a perfect team of two individuals that inspire and also criticize each other. For our relationship within TD, the father-son-connection is of no real relevance — what is much more important is that we work very well together... better than any other line-up TD has ever seen. Jerome is an extremely gifted and creative musician and it is a pleasure to work with him.
How has Jerome’s role changed in the band over time, and how much influence does he have over the musical direction of Tangerine Dream?
Of course there was a phase where he had to grow into his role in the band. His involvement started with Melrose, where he contributed just a few compositions and some guitar work, but he soon found himself into being an equivalent member of the group. I would say that today his influence with in the band is just as essential as mine. It has always been the work ethic of TD to work as a team, where the sum of the parts would make up the group’s sound and ego-trips had no place.
A rumor circulated among fans in late 1999 that you planned to retire at the start of the new millennium, and hand the reins over to Jerome to continue the Dream. How long do you see yourself being a part of this, and when you are done do you foresee Tangerine Dream continuing in some form?
I will be a part of this as long as I feel comfortable with it. Thus, I can make no statements on the subject at all.
Are you as passionate now about the music as you were in 1970?
What do you still enjoy the most about the music? The creative process itself? Performing live? Or something else? And what do you enjoy least, or find tedious, about either making the music or the music industry itself?
I would say both the creative process and performing live are what I enjoy most. Working in the studio and performing live are two wholly different things — in the studio you have time to experiment and unleash all of your creativity but it will take some time until you can reap the fruits of your labor, whereas in a live situation, the feedback is instant.
What I find tedious is the “business” side of the music industry. The music industry tends to not care about the creative aspect of music too much and is mostly interested in the product they can sell. Reducing a work of art to a mere product is deadly for the creative side of it. Of course we all have to make a living, but too much of one’s creative energy tends to get wasted on trying to fend off the vultures that try to exploit you. This is why, over the long years of our career, we have always tried to put creativity first and tried to use the music business as a tool to ensure our survival.
Electronic music is known for fans who love the gear almost as much or more than the music itself. You and your band mates, particularly in the 70s, have been known as innovators who used cutting-edge gear and modified it to suit your needs. Do you still love playing with all the knobs and buttons on your electronic gear, or is it now merely a tool that serves you in the creative process?
For us, all instruments we ever used have only been tools that enabled us to realize our artistic vision. Electronic instruments give us the most diverse bandwidth of sounds for our creative process. But we have never been and never will be dogmatic as to the choice of instrumentation for our music.
What do you think of the current trends in hardware and software for composing and playing synthesizer music? Do you think they encourage or discourage creativity and individuality?
A tool will always only be as good as the person who is using it. They encourage creativity in that they are easier to use than the beasts we had to tackle. But still, in the hands of a person without creative talent, they will not produce anything worthwhile.
What current musical projects are you working on, or planning for the near future that fans can look forward to? Any big surprises in store?
We are working on two projects that are keeping us fairly busy at the moment. First of all, the fourth installment of the Dream Mixes series, of which people who attended the show at London ́s Astoria club in February already got a sneak live preview. And secondly, we have begun working on the second part of Dante ́s Divina Commedia, which we hope to have completed by the end of the year. And... as all of our long-time fans will know, there are always surprises in store with TD. But... they would stop being surprise and hence would lose their fun if we gave them away now and here.
Surprises indeed! After this interview was completed, the big buzz around the music lists on the net was that Tangerine Dream is finally, after years of begging by fans, releasing a series of archive recordings from their massive vaults, and from fans’ own bootleg recordings, which they have been cleaning up for release. The first of these, a proposed seven-disc set called, appropriately enough, The Bootleg Box, is expected before the end of 2003. It includes some of their most coveted original live recordings from 1974 to 1976. According to the press release, this is only the first of several such planned releases, truly a Tangerine Dream come true.
Krautrock Documentary Seeks Funding – The next installment of the Progressive Warriors documentary series will focus on the vast body of music that falls under the banner of "krautrock." As most of our readers will know, previous films have tackled RIO and the Canterbury scene, as well as what we might call "mainstream" prog rock. » Read more
Tomasz Stańko RIP – Tomasz Stańko, one of the greats of Eastern European jazz, has died at the age of 76. Stańko's career started in Krzysztof Komeda's quintet, where he contributed trumpet from 1963-1967, when he formed his own group. He worked extensively with Edward Vesala, Don Cherry, Zbigniew Seifert, Chico Freeman, Howard Johnson, Cecil Taylor, and many others. Many of his recordings have been released by ECM, an association that began in the mid-70s. » Read more
Soft Machine Set to Release New Music – It's been 50 years since The Soft Machine changed the face of music with their first album. Their blend of psychedelic rock and jazz was unique, and while the band went through many changes before disbanding in 1981 — by which time there were no original members remaining — they remained an innovative force with a style all their own. » Read more
7d Surfaces Happy Rhodes Back Catalog – We've covered singer Happy Rhodes before, both for her solo work and recently with The Security Project, but her 11 albums have been hard to track down. Until now. 7d features high-quality downloads of all her releases, and several of them are also available on CD. » Read more
Fred Chalenor RIP – We have news of another sad passing in the world of creative music. Bassist Fred Chalenor, whose creativity featured on albums by Tone Dogs, Caveman Shoestore, and many more, died on June 23, 2018 after a long battle with Alzheimer's. Tributes have poured in from the many musicians and fans whose lives he touched. » Read more